Fire Survival Preparedness Plan and Tips
Fires are spontaneous and do allow for on the spot preparations. That is why everyone needs to take a few minutes of their weekend, sit down with their families, and work out what do to in case of a fire scenario. It doesn’t matter if it is a blazing forest fire heading for your home or a simple appliance fire from within the home; both are serious situations that can put your family’s life in jeopardy.
Many people do not know how to
properly prepare for a fire. That is why we are here to offer you with
the tips and procedures you need to keep your family safe. There are
many steps that can help prevent injury to your family. Three primary
parts to fire safety include an evacuation plan, fire extinguisher knowledge, and emergency phone numbers.
The FIRST STEP to handling a fire is making sure all members of the family know the exits to primary rooms of the house. This includes individual bedrooms, bathrooms, and family rooms. You and your children need to know how to test the doors to make sure the designated exits are safe to help make an informed decision on which exit will be the safest way to get out of the house. A standard touch test can be conducted on doors or door knobs to see how intense the heat is outside of that room. Windows and doors are the primary exits strategies for the majority of homes. For those with multiple story homes, extra precautions need to be taken to allow for multiple exits from the higher floors. This can be done by making ladders accessible from outside the window or purchasing roll able ladders than can be dropped from the window and secured. If this option is taken, it is very important that the steps for properly securing the equipment has been reviewed and practiced with all members of the family.
Exit strategy is the number one priority in fire preparations. A meeting point needs to be established so when family members safely exit the burning home, they can be rejoined by other family members. This will help make accounting for members of the family easier and also provide immediate comfort to fellow family members. This designated meeting spot needs to be a safe distance from the home, recommended as at least 500 feet from the home. Once this evacuation plan has been designed and thoroughly discussed as a family, it is important to practice this plan on a monthly basis.
For the adults in the home, an attempt if and only if it safe to do so at the time, should be made to notify emergency services of the fire. While children do not need to be trying to do this during an emergency, it is very important that they know the emergency numbers. It would be a good idea to have them posted on the refrigerator and to quiz younger children of the 9-1-1 number. They should be taught to use a neighbor’s phone if the parents are not at the house during an emergency. Their safety is first the priority.
Additional measures can be taken to help alarm your family of a fire and in protecting important documents. By testing your smoke alarms as a monthly routine, it can assist your family by providing an early warning to a problem rather than having to wait until the fire has spread or caused enough smoke to alert them. Also, fire proof safes can be purchased to hold documents such as birth certificates, a few family photos, identification, and other valuable documents that you would to be able to recover after the fire. Some people have chosen to purchase safety deposit boxes at local banks for storage of important documents outside of the home as well.
The last measure that can be taken in fire safety is understanding the equipment used to help extinguish a fire. Everyone knows that a fire extinguisher can quickly douse a small fire, but did you know that there are different types of fire extinguishers used on different types of fires. For example, you would not want to use a fire extinguisher that released water on an electrical fire. To help make sure you have the right equipment for the right fire, we will cover what types of fire extinguishers are appropriate for various situations. A class A fire extinguishers can be used on materials such as paper, wood, cardboard, plastics, and other non-electrical fires as they release water to extinguish the flames. A Class B extinguisher is used on combustible liquids like gasoline, grease, and oil by releasing a dry chemical to tame the fire. A class C extinguisher is designed for electrical fires which are filled with a chemical that does not conduct electricity. Finally a class D extinguisher is used primarily in chemical labs to help contain chemical fires. This is a good time to check what class your home fire extinguisher is labeled. The best fire extinguisher to assist you in the ABC labeled extinguishers that are appropriate for all fires except chemical fires. They contain a dry chemical that will be suitable for containing small fires within the home without worry of using the wrong class of extinguisher.
Now that we have checked the smoke alarms, researched our fire extinguishers, memorized the emergency numbers, and designed a concrete evacuation plan for the home, the family is ready combat any type of fire. Remember being informed is the most important step in any type of safety.
Fire Safety Survival Tools and Ladder